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mandrei99
Post  Post subject: OSPF areas - how to achieve optimal routing - Cisco way  |  Posted: Tue Nov 18, 2014 11:30 am

Joined: Tue Aug 04, 2009 9:16 am
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OSPF areas - how to achieve optimal routing - Cisco way

OSPF areas - how to achieve optimal routing - Cisco way

OSPF areas - how to achieve optimal routing - Cisco way

In previous article "OSPF areas: Analysing an apprently redundant design - Cisco way" http://forum.ivorde.ro/ospf-areas-analysing-an-apprently-redundant-design-cisco-way-t19241.html I discussed about a an OSPF design that has some caveats.

I will continue here with an aspect that can be seen in many networks: What path will traffic from R5 to R4 take ? (virtual link between R1 and R3 is not configured).

Code:
R5#traceroute 4.4.4.4 source 5.5.5.5

Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to 4.4.4.4

  1 172.16.9.1 40 msec 24 msec 64 msec
  2 172.16.2.2 60 msec 64 msec 64 msec
  3 172.16.1.1 92 msec 120 msec 96 msec
  4 172.16.7.2 140 msec 164 msec 112 msec

R5#sh ip ospf datab summary 4.4.4.4

            OSPF Router with ID (5.5.5.5) (Process ID 1)

                Summary Net Link States (Area 20)

  Routing Bit Set on this LSA
  LS age: 94
  Options: (No TOS-capability, DC, Upward)
  LS Type: Summary Links(Network)
  Link State ID: 4.4.4.4 (summary Network Number)
  Advertising Router: 2.2.2.2
  LS Seq Number: 80000001
  Checksum: 0xBC64
  Length: 28
  Network Mask: /32
        TOS: 0  Metric: 4


So sub-optimal routing takes place for traffic between two network extremities (R5 and R4). How can we route traffic through R3 ?
- Virtual link between R3 and R1. In this case R3 will become an ABR and for all destinations in area 20 will inject a summary LSA in area 10.
- Add another loopback on R3 and add it to Area 0.

We've seen the first solution in previous article. I will look now at second one:
Code:
R3(config)#int lo1
R3(config-if)#ip addr 3.3.3.33 255.255.255.255
R3(config-if)#ip ospf 1 area 0
R3(config-if)#


And now on R5:
Code:
R5#sh ip ospf datab summary 4.4.4.4

            OSPF Router with ID (5.5.5.5) (Process ID 1)

                Summary Net Link States (Area 20)

  Routing Bit Set on this LSA
  LS age: 361
  Options: (No TOS-capability, DC, Upward)
  LS Type: Summary Links(Network)
  Link State ID: 4.4.4.4 (summary Network Number)
  Advertising Router: 2.2.2.2
  LS Seq Number: 80000001
  Checksum: 0xBC64
  Length: 28
  Network Mask: /32
        TOS: 0  Metric: 4

  Routing Bit Set on this LSA
  LS age: 57
  Options: (No TOS-capability, DC, Upward)
  LS Type: Summary Links(Network)
  Link State ID: 4.4.4.4 (summary Network Number)
  Advertising Router: 3.3.3.3
  LS Seq Number: 80000001
  Checksum: 0x8A94
  Length: 28
  Network Mask: /32
        TOS: 0  Metric: 2
R5#traceroute 4.4.4.4 source 5.5.5.5

Type escape sequence to abort.
Tracing the route to 4.4.4.4

  1 172.16.8.1 32 msec 40 msec 32 msec
  2 172.16.5.2 96 msec 92 msec 92 msec


At this point, R5 OSPF database contains two summary LSAs with ID 4.4.4.4: One from R2 via area0 (the long/sub-optimal path) with a metric of 4 and the other from R3 with a metric of 2. Traffic from R5 to R4 flows via R3 now.





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Exsosus
Post  Post subject: Re: OSPF areas - how to achieve optimal routing - Cisco way  |  Posted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 8:46 pm

Joined: Tue Nov 25, 2014 8:37 pm
Posts: 2

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Looks good. I've set up many Cisco routers, but I do like this choice of config.


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